Community colleges are in many ways the first line of higher education; they provide access to training, transferable skills and re-entry options to the portions of our population most directly impacted by the economic, health and equity challenges we’re facing. For this reason, how community colleges respond and how we support their efforts is central to our nation’s re-emergence.
How can we create community on community college campuses, and what is the role of co-curricular spaces?
Student unions are key to creating a sense of community, and while they’re a staple at four-year universities, they’re less common for two-year ones. We’ve observed a pre-pandemic trend of community colleges increasing programs and facilities to support student retention and success, and believe this need will only increase as we move to a new post-COVID world. However, in addition to these programs, creating living-centered, student-focused areas that support the experience of college may help cater to the influx of the range of students likely to occur in the coming months/semesters. Student unions, as the traditional “downtown of campus,” offer an opportunity for designers and educational institutions alike to rethink how we develop spaces that support the whole student, not just their academic needs.
At Tidewater Community College’s urban Norfolk campus, the Student Center includes a variety of seating walls, steps, and outdoor dining tables within a lively, central plaza. The plaza supports multiple activities including small study groups, impromptu presentations, large gatherings, and displays of student projects and artwork. “The Center is a unifying element that connects the students’ social, cultural, and personal development with their educational pursuits in a way that was not feasible prior to its opening,” said Frank Dunn Executive Vice President, Tidewater Community College.
Many parts of a four-year student union already exist on community college campuses; the opportunity lies in how these support functions can be organized or gathered in ways that create synergies and community. One example is space for affinity and student groups. There are differences in designing affinity spaces and study areas in two-year vs. four-year student unions, the biggest being there is less time for students to get together, and thus the spaces must be compelling to encourage interaction. Because students at community colleges are more varied in age, socioeconomic status, etc., there must be areas to build diverse communities, create support networks for young and older students, and foster mentorship. Areas for academic support and tutoring, lounge areas that can hold meetings for students to connect with businesses in the area are key. There also needs to be an understanding of scale for these spaces related to their locations in communities, whether urban, rural or suburban.
At Ohlone College in suburban Fremont, interior student spaces are connected to outdoor spaces to create a variety of places and to connect students to the magnificent hillside site that offers views across the San Francisco Bay to Silicon Valley and San Francisco. The learning resource center and a library are combined into a unified facility located right next to a large, outdoor staircase where students can study and gather, and groups like the Facilities and Sustainability Committee can meet. The connection to education and the outdoors reflects the ideals carried by the surrounding Fremont community, where students were active in support of the city’s plastic straw ban.
While community colleges are historically more workforce-focused, student unions offer the opportunity to help students develop soft skills in addition to job training. Student unions are where institutions can engage marginalized voices and allow students to become contributing members of society in a way that is meaningful to their community. As our country grapples with its history of racial injustice, community colleges may be uniquely positioned in the higher education landscape to positively address issues of inclusion, access and equity; they already serve very diverse populations, but the pandemic offers challenges and opportunities to rethink how to support populations more adversely impacted. Student services and student unions may become more essential supporting tools to creating diverse, inclusive and equitable campuses as community colleges begin to explicitly focus on the individual needs of their diverse campuses.
It’s important to offer students wellness support, especially during/after these more trying times. Offering areas or resources for recreation, health and counseling, healthy dining or napping spaces can encourage students to stay on campus and feel more welcome/connected. Family support in the form of young childcare and family counseling can help improve community engagement, or at least help those commuter students feel more comfortable staying onsite.
Two notable institutions are teaming together to address many of these issues. The UnionWest at Creative Village shared by Valencia College and the University of Central Florida is built on the edge of the Parramore Community, a historically black residential area in Orlando. Its mission of providing access and equity can be felt in the exhibit displays in the Center and the Academic Commons, which are dedicated to notable community members. Programs engaging with the community and a nearby public elementary school are intended to reach back into the pipeline and bring new students to life-changing opportunities. UnionWest houses the new home of the Walt Disney World Center for Culinary Arts and Hospitality, providing skills and management training for the largest industry in Orlando by the largest employer. By offering housing, UnionWest encourages students to get involved in campus activities, interact with diverse people and have immediate access to downtown jobs. Within the building students have access to retail dining, a recreation center, health and counseling center and student support services. The campus aims to include access to other residential-support services for the whole community.
The world of education is rapidly evolving, and while it is presenting challenges to our ideas of traditional learning, it is also offering areas of opportunity to improve. Placing more emphasis on the student union via reconsidering the spaces included, the offerings given, and the availability of resources is one way community colleges can adapt and cater to a brand new demographic of students.