King Faisal Specialist Hospital

King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

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As one of the top medical institutions in the Middle East known for its high-caliber professional staff and state-of-the-art medical techniques, the King Faisal Medical Center’s expansion program evolves the medical center’s image, expressing its vibrant future and cutting edge clinical care and research practices. Goals for the project include creating world class healing environments that provide technologically advanced medical care for patients, and a collaborative working environment for medical staff.

An institutional master plan and design of four landmark buildings feature the most current technologies available for building, medical equipment, and healthcare systems. The 360-bed, 72,000 sm King Abdullah Cancer and Liver Disease Center, features inpatient nursing units, ambulatory clinics, diagnostic, support, and technical services. The 38,000 sm National Biotechnology Center comprises a biotechnology research facility, allied health training unit, multi-story parking, and new gate and access road network. The 45,000 sm, four-story Royal Wing, has its own helipad, access road, and evacuation tunnel and is linked at the ground floor with the existing hospital for instant access to the emergency department, VIP outpatient clinics and medical imaging. A new block connected to the existing hospital on all levels includes an emergency department, polyclinics, family health clinics, lobby, visitor’s center, retail shops, technical/support facilities, and helipad. Lastly, a Powerhouse and Service Tunnel System includes a 18,000 sm powerhouse facility and 1,800 m of tunnels to contain service utility systems. Underground parking for 1,200 vehicles provides convenient access to all medical and research buildings.

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Challenge: Provide cooling to a desert hospital at the lowest overall cost.

Desert building projects present a range of climate-specific design challenges. One of the most formidable is water: where will the building get water, and how can it be used most efficiently? During the design of four major additions to King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, it was critical to find the most cost-effective way to cool the building air. Although air-cooled refrigeration equipment exists, open cooling towers generally deliver better energy efficiency and a smaller equipment footprint due to the greater efficacy of the evaporative process.

However, given Riyadh’s arid desert climate and scarce potable-water resources, an air-cooled plant emerged as a viable, environmentally responsible option.

Based upon an assessment of embodied energy in water and a detailed life-cycle cost analysis, the team concluded that the “greenest” and least expensive option, when considering the municipal cost of potable water production, was a chilled-water plant utilizing 30 365-ton air-cooled chillers.

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As one of the top medical institutions in the Middle East, King Faisal Medical Center’s expansion program evolves the Center’s image, expressing its vibrant future and cutting edge clinical care and research practices. Goals include creating world-class healing environments that provide technologically advanced medical care for patients, and a collaborative working environment for medical staff.

Four very complex building types—the Center for Cancer and Liver Diseases, the National Biotechnology Center, the Royal Wing and the EMS and Polyclinic Building—on a campus already dense in a very challenging environment, dictated the creation of a Master Plan that would integrate these intricate programs into the existing campus—enhancing access, connectivity and identity while creating a unified image. A strong understanding of the local architectural vernacular was embedded in the design solution, and resulted in a contemporary vocabulary while respecting traditional methods of coping with the environment. Rooted in the outcomes of evidence-based design, natural light, open spaces, external views and green spaces are incorporated throughout patient and staff areas. Collaborative spaces, both formal and informal, are dispersed throughout the facilities fostering interaction and exchange of knowledge and creating a sense of place.

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As one of the top medical institutions in the Middle East known for its high-caliber professional staff and state-of-the-art medical techniques, the King Faisal Medical Center’s expansion program evolves the medical center’s image, expressing its vibrant future and cutting edge clinical care and research practices. Goals for the project include creating world class healing environments that provide technologically advanced medical care for patients, and a collaborative working environment for medical staff.

An institutional master plan and design of four landmark buildings feature the most current technologies available for building, medical equipment, and healthcare systems. The 360-bed, 72,000 sm King Abdullah Cancer and Liver Disease Center, features inpatient nursing units, ambulatory clinics, diagnostic, support, and technical services. The 38,000 sm National Biotechnology Center comprises a biotechnology research facility, allied health training unit, multi-story parking, and new gate and access road network. The 45,000 sm, four-story Royal Wing, has its own helipad, access road, and evacuation tunnel and is linked at the ground floor with the existing hospital for instant access to the emergency department, VIP outpatient clinics and medical imaging. A new block connected to the existing hospital on all levels includes an emergency department, polyclinics, family health clinics, lobby, visitor’s center, retail shops, technical/support facilities, and helipad. Lastly, a Powerhouse and Service Tunnel System includes a 18,000 sm powerhouse facility and 1,800 m of tunnels to contain service utility systems. Underground parking for 1,200 vehicles provides convenient access to all medical and research buildings.

Distinctions

  • Best Hospital Design (Unbuilt)

    Hospital Build

  • Honor Award

    Boston Society of Architects

Credits

  • Dar Al Riyadh Consultants (DAR)

Publications

  • Visual Reference Publications, Inc.

    Healthcare Spaces No. 6

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  • Engineering News-Record

    King Faisal Hospital Keeps Its Cool

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  • AECCafe

    King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia by Cannon Design

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  • Healthcare Design

    King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center

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